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What To Expect in a LASIK Procedure?

Before undergoing LASIK, patients undergo a comprehensive eye examination to assess their candidacy for the procedure.

Preoperative Evaluation

This evaluation includes measuring the prescription needed for vision correction, mapping the cornea’s topography, assessing the thickness of the cornea, and evaluating the overall health of the eye.

Eye

Eye Examination

A comprehensive eye examination to assess your current prescription, the overall health of your eyes, and any pre-existing eye conditions.

Corneal Mapping

The measurement of your corneal curvature and thickness. This information helps guide the surgical planning.

Pupil Size Measurement

Measurement of your pupil size in different lighting conditions, which can impact the treatment plan.

Tear Film Evaluation

Assessment of your tear film to ensure it is sufficient for a smooth healing process.

Medical History

Review of your medical history, including any medications you are taking and any previous eye surgeries or conditions.

Anesthesia and Medication

Anesthetic Eye Drops
On the day of the LASIK procedure, you will receive numbing eye drops to ensure that you do not experience pain or discomfort during the surgery.

Anxiety Medication (Optional)
For some patients who experience significant anxiety or nervousness about the procedure, anxiety or calming medication may be administered before the surgery. This medication helps alleviate stress and discomfort, ensuring a more relaxed experience.

LASIK Eye Surgery Procedure

The LASIK procedure typically follows these steps:

Creation of the Corneal Flap:
The first critical step in LASIK is creating a thin, protective flap on the cornea’s surface. This flap can be fashioned using two methods:
  1. Microkeratome
    A microkeratome is a mechanical surgical instrument that creates the corneal flap by carefully cutting a precise layer of corneal tissue. This is
  2. Femtosecond Laser
    Alternatively, a femtosecond laser, a highly precise and computer-controlled laser, can be used to create the corneal flap. This advanced technology offers greater precision and customization in flap creation. This is a required offering for qualification in the LASIK.com network as it is the recommended modern LASIK procedure.
Corneal Reshaping with the Excimer Laser
Once the corneal flap is created and gently lifted, an excimer laser comes into play. This precise ablation process reshapes the cornea according to the patient’s specific prescription. For nearsightedness, the cornea is flattened, while for farsightedness, it is steepened. Astigmatism is corrected by smoothing out irregularities in the corneal shape.
Flap Repositioning
After corneal reshaping is complete, the corneal flap is carefully repositioned onto the eye’s surface. It adheres naturally, without the need for sutures, and acts as a protective covering during the initial healing phase.

Postoperative Care

Following the LASIK procedure, patients are provided with postoperative instructions and eye drops to aid in healing and reduce the risk of infection. Most individuals experience improved vision within a day or two, and visual acuity continues to improve over the following weeks

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